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《全球海上風電發展大會陽江宣言》發布

2019-06-07  來源:中國風力發電網  [已有0人評論]  [有償投稿]
核心提示:《陽江宣言》提出,全球海上風電發展空間巨大,綜合目前的發展現狀、各國的產業規劃以及技術的進化趨勢等因素來看,到2030年,全球海上風電累計裝機規模將達到300GW。
中國風力發電網訊:2019年5月31日-6月2日,2019全球海上風電發展大會在廣東陽江隆重舉行。會上一致通過并發布《全球海上風電發展大會陽江宣言》,旨在建立穩定、暢通的全球合作交流機制,進一步加快各國海上風電發展。目前,已有涵蓋制造、開發、運維、金融保險、產業研究等環節的20多家世界知名機構加入該宣言所提倡的合作機制中,未來還將吸引更多機構參與其中。
《陽江宣言》提出,全球海上風電發展空間巨大,綜合目前的發展現狀、各國的產業規劃以及技術的進化趨勢等因素來看,到2030年,全球海上風電累計裝機規模將達到300GW。
《陽江宣言》指出,大力發展海上風電不僅可以加速全球能源轉型進程,還能夠產生良好的社會經濟效益,拉動直接投資,帶動區域產業結構轉型升級,創造出大量就業崗位。此外,海上風電的發展,還有利于在眾多當代前沿技術上實現突破。
為了確保2030年目標的實現,《陽江宣言》發出六點倡議,即加強全球合作,加強技術創新,建立公平、開放的市場,加強人才培養和鼓勵人才流動,構建嚴格的安全健康保障體系,推動海上風電與其他海洋產業的融合發展等。
同時,《陽江宣言》還明確了業界的下一步行動方向,包括定期評估、討論發展目標和六項倡議的落實情況,組織各國開展聯合研究,主辦研討會探討重點問題和挑戰,收集并公布全球海上風電全產業鏈信息,定期組織具有代表性的項目與機構、杰出貢獻者評選,為新興市場國家開展多樣化的培訓,強化輿論引導等。
以下為《陽江宣言》全文▼

全球海上風電發展大會·陽江宣言
中國·廣東·陽江
2019年6月1日
我們,來自全球10多個國家(地區)的政府、企業、學術界、民間團體的代表,于2019年5月31日至6月2日在廣東陽江舉行2019全球海上風電發展大會,圍繞“國際合作,產業協同,創新驅動——加快海上風電高質量發展”主題,致力于推動全球海上風電發展,完善國際合作交流機制,經討論一致通過《全球海上風電發展大會陽江宣言》。
我們一致確信,到2030年,全球海上風電累計裝機規模將達到300GW,這是基于目前的發展現狀、各國的產業規劃以及技術的進化趨勢等因素做出的合理研判。
我們一致認為,海上風電是實現全球能源轉型的重要力量。加快推進能源轉型,走綠色、可持續發展之路已經成為各國共識。從歐洲的實踐來看,海上風電在其中能夠扮演重要角色。與此同時,海上風電成本在近幾年大幅下降,部分項目已經不再需要補貼,正成為具有價格優勢的綠色能源。
我們一致認為,大力發展海上風電會產生良好的社會經濟效益。海上風電產業鏈長,不僅可以拉動直接投資,帶動區域產業結構轉型升級,還能夠創造大量的就業崗位,各國應當緊緊抓住當前的戰略機遇。此外,由于涉及眾多當代的前沿技術,推動海上風電發展,還將加快推動相關技術的突破。
我們一致認為,海上風電具有巨大的發展潛力。全球擁有漫長的海岸線和遼闊的海域面積,可供海上風電開發的空間廣闊。目前,無論是英國、德國、丹麥等傳統市場,還是眾多新興市場,都制定了雄心勃勃的中遠期規劃,預示著未來一段時間全球海上風電裝機規模將保持高速增長。隨著技術的進步,深遠海將得到充分開發,勢必進一步拓展海上風電的發展空間。
為了實現上述目標,加速全球海上風電發展,我們發出以下六點倡議:
一、加強全球合作。各國政府的大力支持和密切合作,是全球海上風電快速穩定發展的重要保障。國際社會應共同構建一個開放、合作的全球海上風電協同發展空間,建立高效、透明的產業治理體系,實現基礎設施的共享以及數據信息的共用。秉持共商、共建、共享的原則,支持政府、企業、民間組織、學術界、國際組織和其他利益相關方根據各自的角色和職責發揮更大作用。
二、加強技術創新。技術創新是海上風電發展的核心推動力,應在全球范圍內建立暢通的交流渠道,分享各國的最新研究成果。推動協同創新,加大對公共試驗平臺建設的投入,加快關鍵共性技術的發展。通過減稅等方式鼓勵企業增加研發和創新投入,研制更加高效和更具適應性的海上風電機組,加速測風、基礎、輸電等環節的技術突破,助推海上風電開發走向深遠海。
三、建立公平、開放的市場。公平、開放的市場環境有利于通過競爭實現優勝劣汰,促使先進技術和最優解決方案在全球范圍內自由流動,最終提升各國的發展水平,提高開發效率,帶來整體市場的繁榮。透明、穩定的市場則能夠讓投資者有清晰的收益預期,增強其投資積極性。各國應當以法律法規的形式確保市場的長期穩定,建立公平的市場準入制度,構建技術標準國際協調機制,推動認證結果的多邊互認,消除貿易壁壘,使各參與方皆可公平享有海上風電帶來的發展機遇。
四、加強人才培養和鼓勵人才流動。海上風電是一項多學科融合、多技術交叉的系統工程,這對從業者的技能水平提出了很高要求。各國要盡快建立多層次的海上風電教育與培訓體系,培養具有全球視野的專業型人才,提升從業人員的職業素養。建立全球范圍的人才流動機制,鼓勵海上風電人才自由流動,推動國際海上風電技術與經驗交流。
五、構建嚴格的安全健康保障體系。保證從業人員的安全、健康,是推動海上風電產業實現可持續發展的前提。各國要從實現設備和項目的安全、可靠運行入手,完善相關的質量評估和認證機制。對從業人員設置嚴格的從業資格門檻,并持續開展安全培訓,為其構建起多維度的安全、健康保障體系。
六、推動海上風電與其他海洋產業的融合發展。挖掘海洋資源潛力,加快海洋經濟產業結構轉型是目前各國實施的一個重要經濟發展戰略。在這一過程中,海上風電能夠起到很好的支撐和輻射作用,帶動港口建設、海洋可再生能源裝備制造、海洋漁業養殖等產業的發展。各國應該加強與此相關的研究和實踐探索,實現多產業協同發展,提高海洋資源的利用效率。
為了確保2030年的裝機目標順利實現,我們將采取以下行動:
一、定期評估實現300GW全球海上風電裝機容量目標的進展和六項倡議的落實情況,并編寫年度報告在每年的全球海上風電發展大會上展開討論。
二、組織各國相關機構,圍繞生態環境影響評價、海上風電前沿技術研發進展、海上風電支持政策機制、海上風電發展目標(中遠期)、降低成本的共性技術/管理方案、海上風電產業鏈社會經濟價值、全球海上風電市場信息和數據等方面開展聯合研究,并及時公布研究成果,在全球范圍內進行推廣傳播。
三、為了促進國際交流與合作,在全球海上風電發展大會期間主辦研討會,作為專家咨詢、經驗和技術分享的開放平臺,重點探討全球海上風電發展面臨的問題和挑戰。
四、指定專門機構負責收集、整合全球海上風電全產業鏈信息,通過多個渠道定期對外公布,實現信息的透明與共享。
五、自2020年起,定期在全球范圍內遴選取得技術突破的代表性項目和機構,評選出為促進海上風電發展作出杰出貢獻的人士,在全球海上風電發展大會上為其頒發獎項以資鼓勵。
六、針對新興市場國家的海上風電發展潛力巨大,但技術和管理水平亟待提升的現狀,組織多種形式的培訓活動,加快新興市場國家海上風電行業的能力建設。
七、通過加強輿論引導、進行科普宣講、組織民眾參觀等方式,讓公眾更加客觀地看待海上風電開發,了解發展海上風電在應對氣候和環境問題、帶動地方經濟發展、創造就業等方面發揮的積極作用。
Yangjiang Declaration
at Global Offshore Wind Conference
Yangjiang, Guangdong Province, China
June 1, 2019
We, representatives from governments, enterprises, academia and NGOs from more than 10 countries and regions around the world, unanimously approve to adopt the “Yangjiang Declaration at Global Offshore Wind Conference” at the GOWS 2019 held in Yangjiang, Guangdong Province from May 31 to June 2, 2019. GOWS 2019, under the theme of "International Cooperation, Industrial Collaboration, Innovation Driven-Accelerating High-Quality Offshore Wind Development", is aimed at promoting global offshore wind development, and improving the international cooperation and exchange mechanism.
We are convinced that by 2030, the cumulative installed capacity of global offshore wind will reach 300 GW, a reasonable conclusion made taking into account such factors as current development status, industrial planning of countries and the evolutionary trend of technologies.
We believe that offshore wind represents an important force in achieving global energy transition. It has become the consensus of countries to accelerate energy transition and take the road of green and sustainable development. European practices demonstrate, offshore wind plays an important role. In the meantime, offshore wind has seen significantly reduced costs in recent years, and some projects no longer need subsidies, thus becoming a green energy with competitive price.
We believe that vigorous development of offshore wind will produce good social and economic benefits. The offshore wind featured by long industry chain can not only stimulate direct investment, promote local industrial structuring and upgrading, but also create a large number of jobs, thus representing a strategic opportunity that countries should firmly grasp. In addition, as it involves a number of state-of-the-art technologies, the advancement of offshore wind will also accelerate the breakthrough of related technologies.
It is our belief that offshore wind still has huge potential for development. The world has a long coastline and a vast sea area, providing broad space for offshore wind development. Currently, both traditional markets such as UK, Germany, and Denmark, and many emerging markets, have developed ambitious medium- and long-term plans, indicating that the installed capacity of global offshore wind will maintain rapid growth in the future. With the advancement of technology, deeper and open sea will be fully developed, thus further expanding the development space of offshore wind.
In order to achieve the above goals and accelerate global offshore wind development, the following six initiatives have been proposed:
Strengthening global cooperation.Strong support and close cooperation of governments will contribute to the rapid and stable development of global offshore wind. The international community should jointly create an open and cooperative global offshore wind collaborative development space, establish an efficient and transparent industrial governance system, and realize the sharing of infrastructure, data and information. Adhering to the principle of achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration, governments, enterprises, NGOs, academia, international organizations and other stakeholders are encouraged to play a greater role in accordance with their respective roles and responsibilities.
Fostering technological innovation.Technological innovation is the core driving force for offshore wind development. A smooth communication channel should be established on a global scale to share the latest research results of countries. Efforts should be made to promote collaborative innovation, increase investment in the construction of public test platforms, accelerate the development of key common technologies, encourage enterprises to increase R&D and innovation investment through tax abatement, develop more efficient and adaptable offshore wind turbines, accelerate technological breakthroughs in wind measurement, foundation and transmission, and promote offshore wind development towards deeper and open sea.
Establishing a fair and open market.A fair and open market environment is conducive to achieving the survival of the fittest through competition, promoting the free flow of advanced technologies and optimal solutions on a global scale, ultimately improving the development level and efficiency of countries, and bringing prosperity to the overall market. A transparent and stable market allows investors to have clear earnings expectations and increase their investment enthusiasm. Countries should ensure long-term market stability inform of laws and regulations, establish a fair market access system, develop an international coordination mechanism for technical standards, promote multilateral mutual recognition of certification results, and eliminate trade barriers so that all parties can fairly enjoy the development opportunities brought about by offshore wind.
Intensifying personnel training and encouraging talent flow.Offshore wind is a multi-disciplinary, and multi-technical cross-over systematic project that places particularly high requirements for practitioners' skills. Countries should establish a multi-level offshore wind education and training system as soon as possible, cultivate professional talents with a global perspective, and improve practitioners' professionalism; and establish a global talent flow mechanism, encourage the free flow of talents in offshore wind, and promote the international exchanges of offshore wind technologies and experiences.
Constructing a strict safety and health protection system.Guaranteeing practitioners' safety and health is a prerequisite for sustainable development of the offshore wind industry. Countries should start with the safe and reliable operation of equipment and projects, improve relevant quality assessment and certification mechanisms, set strict qualification thresholds for practitioners and carry out on-going safety training, so as to construct a multi-dimensional safety and health protection system.
Boosting the integrative development of offshore wind and other marine industries.Tapping the potential of marine resources and accelerating the industrial structuring of the marine economy is an important economic development strategy implemented by countries. In this process, offshore wind can play a good supporting and radiating role, driving the development of port construction, marine renewable energy equipment manufacturing, and marine aquaculture industries. Countries should strengthen relevant research and practice exploration, achieve multiple-industry coordinated development, and improve the utilization efficiency of marine resources.
In order to ensure the smooth completion of the 2030 goal, following actions will be taken:
Regularly assess progress on the 300GW goal and implementation of the six initiatives, and produce an annual report on progress to be discussed at GOWS.
Organize relevant national institutions to carry out joint research on eco-environmental impact assessment, R&D progress of state-of-the-art offshore wind technologies, supporting policy mechanism for offshore wind, (medium- and long-term) offshore wind development goals, common technologies/management plans to reduce costs, socio-economic value of offshore wind industry chain, and global offshore wind market information and data, and timely release relevant research results for dissemination on a global scale.
To facilitate international communication and cooperation, a workshop will be held during GOWS events as an open platform for expert consultation, experience & know-how sharing, and addressing issues & challenges observed in global offshore wind development.
Designate a specialized agency to collect and integrate the information of the global offshore wind industry chain, and regularly publish relevant information through multiple channels, to achieve transparency and sharing of information.
Present awards to outstanding projects and organizations with technical breakthroughs, as well as persons who have made a great contribution to boosting offshore wind development during GOWS events starting from 2020.
In view of the huge development potential of offshore wind in emerging countries, but with the technology and management levels yet to be improved, various forms of training activities will be organized to accelerate the capacity building of offshore wind industry in these countries.
Make the public be more objectively aware of offshore wind development, and understand the positive role of developing offshore wind in addressing climate and environmental issues, driving local economic development, and creating jobs by means of public opinion guidance, science popularization, and public visits.

 
 

(來源:風能專委會CWEA)

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